Characteristic velocities of six single-element injectors that separately varied propellant spreading and mixing were measured over a range of oxidant-fuel weight ratios of 2 to 7. Hydrogen inlet temperature was -320 degrees F. Injectors that both mixed and spread the propellants had the highest characteristic-velocity efficiency. Spreading of either propellant produced about the same increment efficiency. The increase in efficiency due to mixing was relatively small. With similar injectors, oxygen-hydrogen required about 0.2 to 0.5 of the combustor volume of oxygen-heptane for the same efficiency.